EMDR (Eye Movement Reprocessing and Desensitization) is an integrative psychotherapeutic approach to treating trauma as well as a variety of other forms of psychological distress.
Though it remains unclear just how EMDR works, it is believed that the process acts to resolve fixed, non-adaptive. distress-based perceptions, thoughts, emotional reactions, and physical sensations by integrating them into flexible, adaptive, present-focused neural pathways. Both the American Psychological Association and the American Psychiatric Association have given EMDR the highest level of recommendation (category of robust empirical support and demonstrated effectiveness) in the treatment of trauma. The Department of Veteran's Affairs and Department of Defense placed EMDR in the "A" category as "strongly recommended" for the treatment of trauma.
Research into the application of EMDR to treat a host of additional psychological challenges is currently underway.
The following links provide further information on EMDR, including past and current research.